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Search messages by a keyword

Message search allows you to retrieve a list of messages that contain a search query or a specified keyword in group channels by implementing MessageSearchQuery. The query retrieves a list of messages that contain a search term and meet the optional parameter values set in the MessageSearchQueryParams class.

Note: Puncutations and special characters are ignored while indexing, so unless they're being used for advanced search functionalities, they should be removed or replaced in the search term for best results.

You can create the query instance in two ways. First, you can do so with the default values.

val query = SendbirdChat.createMessageSearchQuery(MessageSearchQueryParams(KEYWORD))

Or, you can create an instance by changing those values to your preference.

val query = SendbirdChat.createMessageSearchQuery(
    MessageSearchQueryParams("Sendbird").apply {
        limit = 10
        // ...
    }
)

Then, the query retrieves a list of match results. Calling the next() method returns the next page of the results.

query.next { messages, e ->
    if (e != null) {
        // Handle error.
    }

    // ...
}

Use the hasNext method to see if there is a next page.

query.hasNext

Use the isLoading method to see if the search results are loading.

query.isLoading

Advanced search allows the SDK to create and support complicated search conditions, improving search results. Search functionalities such as wildcard, fuzzy search, logical operators, and synonym search are supported for the keyword parameter. You can use these functionalities by setting advancedQuery to true. See the advanced search section in our Platform API Docs for more information.

  • Wildcard: Include ? or * in search terms. ? matches a single character while * can match zero or more characters.

  • Fuzzy search: Add ~ at the end of search terms. Fuzzy search shows similar terms to the search term determined by a Levenshtein edit distance. If your search term is less than two characters, only exact matches are returned. If the search term has between three and five characters, only one character is edited. If the search term is longer than five characters, up to two characters are edited.

  • Logical operators: Use AND and OR to search for more than one term. The logical operators must be uppercase. You can also use parentheses to group multiple search terms or specify target fields. If you want to look for search terms in not only the content of the message but also specified target fields of the message, such as custom type or data, you can specify the field and search term as a key-value item.

MessageSearchQueryParams

You can build the query class using the following parameters which allow you to add various search options.

Parameter nameTypeDescription

keyword

string

Specifies the search term.

* Special characters and puncutations aren't indexed, so including them in the keyword may return unexpected search results.

channelUrl

string

Specifies the URL of the target channel.

channelCustomType

string

Specifies the custom channel type.

limit

int

Specifies the number of messages to return per page. Acceptable values are 1 to 99, inclusive. (Default: 20)

exactMatch

boolean

Determines whether to search for messages that exactly match the search term. If set to false, it returns partially matched messages that contain the search term. (Default: false)

messageTimestampFrom

long

Restricts the search scope to the messages sent after the specified value in Unix milliseconds format. This includes the messages sent exactly on the timestamp. (Default: 0)

messageTimestampTo

long

Restricts the search scope to the messages sent before the specified value in Unix milliseconds format. This includes the messages sent exactly on the timestamp. (Default: Long.MAX_VALUE)

order

enum

Determines which field the results are sorted by. Acceptable values are the following:
- SCORE (default): the search relevance score.
- TIMESTAMP: the time when a message was created. (Default: SCORE)

reverse

boolean

Determines whether to sort the results in reverse order. If set to false, they will be sorted in descending order. (Default: false)