This page explains key functions of direct call consisting of how to make, receive, handle, and end a call from your app.
Make a call
Initiate a call by providing the callee’s user id into the
SendBirdCall.dial() method. Use the
CallOptions object to choose initial call configuration, such as audio or video capabilities, video settings, and mute settings.
Receive a call
To receive an incoming call, a
SendBirdCallListener event handler should already be registered in the callee’s client app. Accept or decline the call using the
directCall.accept() or the
directCall.end() method. If the call is accepted, a media session will automatically be established by the Calls SDK.
Before accepting the call, the call-specific
DirectCallListener event handler must be added to the call object. It enables the callee’s app to react to events during the call through its callback methods.
The callee’s client app receives an incoming call through either the established connection with Sendbird server or a Firebase Cloud Messaging (FCM) push notification when the app is in the background. To use the Calls SDK in the callee’s client app, the
SendBirdCall instance must deliver received FCM push notifications to the Calls SDK.
Handle an active call
During an active call, both the caller and callee’s audio can be muted or unmuted by the
directCall.unmuteMicrophone() method. If one party changes audio settings, the other party receives an event callback through the
End a call
directCall.end() method ends an ongoing call of either the caller or callee’s side. If one party ends an ongoing call, the other party receives an event callback through the
Hold and resume a call
During an active call, users can hold and resume the call. Users can talk to each other on a single active call at a time while putting other calls on hold. An active call and calls on hold are ongoing calls. By holding a call, users can accept an incoming call or switch between ongoing calls.
Note: Credit usage and billing for a call on hold is the same as with an active call because they are both considered as ongoing calls.
Hold a call
During an active call, you can hold the call by using the
directCall.hold() method. When an active call is put on hold, audio and video also stops for the call. Therefore, functionalities that require audio and video such as screen share, local recording, and screen capture will not be available for a call that is put on hold.
When a call is placed on hold, the value of
directCall.isOnHold changes to
true and the users will receive a notification on the change of the hold status of the call through the
Unhold a call
A user can only remove their own hold on a call by using the
If you try to call the
directCall.unhold() method on a call that is on hold while there is an active call, an error will be returned. If you wish to override this error, you have to forcefully end the active call by calling the
directCall.unhold() method with the
force parameter as
When a hold is removed from a call, users will receive a notification on the change of the hold status of the call through the
Both the caller and callee must return to the same ongoing call in order to resume a call to talk to each other. The users should either hold or end other ongoing calls except for the call they would like to return to. By using the
directCall.unhold() method, the users can remove a hold on the same ongoing call. Once both users remove their holds from the call, audio and video also becomes available for the call which will be resumed.
When the both users remove holds on the same ongoing call, the value of
directCall.isOnHold changes to
false and users will receive a notification on the change of the hold status of the call through the
Accept an incoming call
You can accept an incoming call while there is an active call. Because there can only be one active call at a time, the active call must be either ended or put on hold before the incoming call is accepted.
To end an active call and accept an incoming call, use the
directCall.accept() method. The active call will end and the end result will show as
To hold an active call and accept an incoming call, use the
directCall.accept() method with
AcceptParams.holdActiveCall set to
true. The active call will be placed on hold and the incoming call will become the active call.
Retrieve a list of ongoing calls
When there are multiple calls on hold, you can retrieve a list of all ongoing calls by using the
Retrieve a list of incoming calls
You can retrieve a list of all incoming calls by using the
You can receive notifications when a local or remote user puts a call on hold or removes a hold from a call. When the hold status of the user changes, the
DirectCallListener.onUserHoldStatusChanged(call: DirectCall, isLocalUser: Boolean, isUserOnHold: Boolean) method will be called. The
isUserOnHold parameters can be used to identify which user has put certain calls on hold. To identify which calls are put on hold by either or both users, use the
Manage custom items
With custom items, you can store additional information to a call in addition to default values in the
DirectCall object. These key-value custom items are delivered as a
Map<String, String> and can be updated during the call. Examples of items that could be included in the call are customer service, refund, or inquiry for better user experience.
Custom items can be added to a call either by a caller or a callee. When dialing, the caller can add a
Map<String, String> to a
DialParams object by using the
setCustomItems() method. The default value of a call's custom items is an empty
Update and delete
During a call, custom items can be modified by directly updating or deleting custom items of a given call. You can use
directCall.updateCustomItems() to update current custom items with new custom items. If keys for the new custom items don't exist, new custom items will be added to the existing list of items. Otherwise, existing items will be replaced with new custom items.
You can modify custom items without directly referring to the
DirectCall object. The custom items of the call from the
SendBirdCall can also be modified by calling the same set of methods with an additional
callId parameter. If a call with the corresponding
callId exists, the
SendBirdCall will update the custom items of that call.
You can delete a specific custom item with its given key by using
directCall.deleteCustomItems() or delete all custom items associated with the call by using
directCall.deleteAllCustomItems(). Through a completion handler, you will receive the updated custom items, a list of keys of the modified custom items, and an error from Sendbird server.
To receive events from Sendbird server when custom items are modified, you can implement
onCustomItemsDeleted() from the
DirectCallListener. Events contain the
DirectCall object of changed custom items and
deletedKeys. Custom items can always be modified, custom items are always modifiable, Custom items can always be modified, however these events will only be delivered if the call is ongoing. If the call ends, events are not delivered to the
DirectCallListener. You can always access modified custom items with the Calls API or by using the
Add event handlers
There are two types of event handlers that the Calls SDK provides:
Add a device-specific
SendBirdCallListener event handler using the
SendBirdCall.addSendBirdCallListener() method. Once the event handler is added, responding to device events such as incoming calls can be managed as shown below.
Note: If a
SendBirdCallListenerevent handler isn’t registered, a user can't receive an
onRingingcallback event, thus recommended to add this handler at the initialization of the app. Also, the
SendBirdCallListenerevent handler is automatically removed when the app closes by default.
An incoming call is notified on the callee’s device.
There are changes in the system’s audio input device or the available local audio input devices.
There are changes in the system’s audio output device or the available local audio output devices.
Before accepting the call, the call-specific
DirectCallListener event handler must be added to the call object. It enables the callee’s app to react to events happening during the call through its callback methods.
The callee has accepted the call by using the
Media devices (for example, microphone and speakers) between the caller and callee are connected and can start the call.
The call successfully reconnects to Sendbird server.
One of the parties ends a call by using the
The audio device used for the call has changed.
The remote user changes their audio settings.
The remote user changes their video settings.
The remote user changes their recording status.
The custom items of the call are updated.
The custom items of the call are deleted.
The callee has received the call notification through the
Retrieve call information
One party’s information can be retrieved through the
directCall.getLocalUser() method while the other party’s information through the
Retrieve call history
A user’s call history can be retrieved using the
next() method of a
DirectCallLogListQuery instance which returns a list of call objects.
The call log can be immediately obtained after a call has ended. However, in the caller’s case, only the local log will be retrieved unless the sync has been made with the server. If you want to check whether a call log is synchronized with the server or not, use the
callLog.isFromServer() method. To retrieve call history from the server instead of the local log, use the
Retrieve missed direct calls
You can receive and be notified of new incoming calls through push notifications. However, if you're unable to do so due to issues with push notifications, you can use the
retrieveMissedDirectCalls() method to pick up the incoming call. The incoming call will be received through
If you received a push notification of an incoming call through
SendBirdCallListener.onRinging() but failed to process it, you can get a list of all incoming calls, including ones that are currently ringing, through
SendBirdCall.retrieveMissedDirectCalls()is automatically triggered internally when the Calls SDK for Android has been successfully authenticated.
You can also identify where a call is coming from through the
List of properties of ringingSource
When a call arrives through a push notification.
When a call arrives by invoking the
When a call arrives through the websocket.
Select video output
Users can select a device for video output during a video call. The list of available video devices can be accessed by the
directCall.getAvailableVideoDevices() method. To change the current video output device to one of the other available video devices, the
directCall.selectVideoDevice() method should be called.
To turn on the switch between the front and back cameras function, use the
Capture video views
During a video call, the caller and callee can capture the images of their streaming video by using either the
captureRemoteVideoView() methods when needed.
- Local video view
- Remote video view
Note: For errors that may occur when capturing video views, see the Error codes page.
Record audio and video
When making a direct call with Sendbird Calls, audio and video recordings for both local and remote users are available. The recorded file will be saved on the user’s local file storage and users can transfer or process the file.
Only one ongoing recording session is allowed, which means that the current recording session must be stopped in order to start another recording. However, several sessions can be recorded throughout the call, thus multiple recording files created from one call.
SendBirdCall currently supports five recording types:
List of recording types
An option to record the video and audio of the remote user.
An option to record the audio of the remote user.
An option to record both audios of the local and remote users.
An option to record both audios of the local and remote users, and the video of the remote user.
An option to record both audios of the local and remote users, and the video of the local user.
Start recording a call
Start recording a call using the
directCall.startRecording() method. You can customize the type and the name of the recording as well as the output path where a recorded file will be saved with a
If the name of a file isn’t specified for the
fileName parameter in the method, the recorded file’s name will follow the default pattern of
recordingId is delivered through the
RecordingStartedHandler of the
directCall.startRecording() method when the recording starts successfully. Make sure to save the
recordingId to stop the recording session. If the
recordingId is invalid or missing when the
directCall.stopRecording() method is called, you can’t stop the recording session when needed.
SendBirdCalldoesn’t check for file read and write permissions or any other permissions related to the media. Make sure that the application can write at the specified destination folder before starting a recording session.
Stop recording a call
Stop recording a call using the
directCall.stopRecording() method with the
recordingId received from the
RecordingStartedHandler of the
directCall.startRecording() method. If a recording session isn’t stopped by the time the call has ended, the recording session automatically ends as well.
After the recording is finished, the
RecordingListener.onRecordingSucceeded() method will be called.
In order to receive events about the completion of the recordings, add a device-specific
RecordingListener by using the
SendBirdCall.addRecordingListener() event method. Once the event listener is added, your app can handle the following two events as shown below:
You can remove the device-specific
RecordingListener as shown below:
RecordingListener.onRecordingSucceeded()event method won’t be called if errors occur at the start of recording sessions after calling the
To save the recording session to an external storage, a permission to read and write files must be granted. For more information, visit the Android documentation page.
While streaming audio or video is being recorded, it is transcoded almost simultaneously to convert the stream into an
MP4 file regardless of the recording option. After your recording is done, it typically takes less than a second to save the recording as an
Recorded videos will have a fixed frame size of
1280x720 pixels. Video recording uses around 20 MB of data per minute, but this may vary depending on the type of the recording content.
SendBirdCall doesn’t handle anything related to managing recorded files. If there isn’t enough storage to save the recorded file,
RecordingListener.onRecordingFailed will be called.
During a voice or video call, users can notify each other if the call is being recorded.
If a user starts or stops local recording on their device, the other user will be able to receive an event callback through the
DirectCallListener.onRemoteRecordingStatusChange(DirectCall call) method. Users can also check the recording status of the other user with
During a video call, both the caller and callee can share their screens with each other by using Android’s MediaProjection.
To start sharing your screen, follow the instructions below.
Step 1: Get MediaProjection permission Request screen capturing permission from the user and pass the result to the Calls SDK.
Note: When the above code is called, the operating system will automatically ask the user to confirm the permission to record the screen.
Step 2: Start foreground services for MediaProjection (optional)
MediaProjectionManager.getMediaProjection() method in the Calls SDK. Calling this method requires foreground services if the operating system level is higher than
Build.VERSION_CODES.Q. Make sure to start the
foregroundService before calling the
Step 3: Start screen share
startScreenShare method is called, both the local user's
localVideoView and the remote user’s
remoteVideoView will be replaced with the screen share view. Currently, displaying the local camera view and the local screen share view together is not supported.
Note: MediaProjection requires Android 5.0 (API Level 21) or higher.
You can stop sharing your screen and return to the video view as shown below:
Note: For more guide on how to add this feature, see this tutorial.
Add sound effects
You can use different sound effects to enhance the user experience for events that take place while using Sendbird Calls.
To add sound effects, use the
SendBirdCall.Options.addDirectCallSound() method for the following events:
RECONNECTED. Remember to set sound effects before the mentioned events occur. To remove sound effects, use the
To set the dialing sound effect in silent or vibrate mode, the
setDirectCallDialingSoundOnWhenSilentOrVibrateMode() method should be used.
For more information about sound effects, refer to our Calls SDK GitHub repository's README.
Manage call quality
Users can receive notifications about the changes in call quality so that they can check their network connection to avoid any interruption during an active call.
To detect changes in call quality, you need to set
ConnectionQualityListener and select a monitoring mode by calling the
setConnectionQualityListener() method. Based on the specified monitoring mode, the
onConnectionQualityUpdate method will be called.
Monitors the frequency of connection quality which occurs every 3 seconds when the
Monitors the changes in connection quality level which calls the
The connection quality in the
ConnectionMetrics class represents the quality of the call based on the value of Mean Opinion Score (MOS). MOS is a subjective measure that is used to evaluate the overall quality of direct calls. Scores range from
4.5 and has the following quality states.
List of ConnectionQuality states
0.0 - 2.0
The call connection is unstable and some parts of the conversation may not be audible or may be repeated.
2.0 - 3.0
The call connection is somewhat unstable, but most of the conversation is delivered without any issues.
3.0 - 3.6
The call connection is stable and the conversation is clearly delivered.
3.6 - 4.2
The call connection is extremely stable and the conversation is delivered with crystal-clear sound quality.
4.2 - 4.5
The highest level of call connection that delivers the conversation with extremely clean and clear sound quality.
Depending on the
ConnectionQuality enum, you can determine the current quality of the call and take appropriate actions to improve the call quality. For example, you can choose to show a quality degradation alert to the user if the connection quality drops below average.
removeConnectionQualityListener() method to remove all previous settings.